Symfony HttpCache

Symfony comes with a built-in reverse proxy written in PHP, known as HttpCache. While it is certainly less efficient than using Varnish or Nginx, it can still provide considerable performance gains over an installation that is not cached at all. It can be useful for running an application on shared hosting for instance (see the Symfony HttpCache documentation).

You can use features of this library with the Symfony HttpCache. The basic concept is to use event listeners on the HttpCache class.


Symfony HttpCache support is currently limited to following features:

  • Purge
  • Refresh
  • Cache Tags
  • User Context

Generic BAN operations are not supported.

Event Dispatching HttpCache

You need to adjust your AppCache to support event handling and register the cache event listeners for the functionality you want to use.

To adjust your cache kernel, follow the instructions in the FOSHttpCache Symfony Cache documentation section.


Since Symfony 2.8, the class cache (classes.php) is compiled even in console mode by an optional warmer (ClassCacheCacheWarmer). This can produce conflicting results with the regular web entry points, because the class cache may contain definitions (such as the subscribers above) that are loaded before the class cache itself; leading to redeclaration fatal errors.

There are two workarounds:

  • Disable class cache warming in console mode with e.g. a compiler pass:

  • Force loading of all classes and interfaced used by the HttpCache in app/console to make the class cache omit those classes. The simplest way to achieve this is to call class_exists resp. interface_exists with each of them.

Event Listeners

Each cache feature has its own event listener. The listeners are provided by the FOSHttpCache library. You can find the documentation for those listeners in the FOSHttpCache Symfony Cache documentation section.

Optimization for Single Server Installations

If your application runs on one single server, you can use the kernel dispatcher to directly call the HttpCache rather than sending an actual web request. This is more efficient, and you don’t need to configure the server IP address.

The FOSHttpCache Symfony Proxy Client documentation section explains how to adjust your bootstrap - you will need to do this in both public/index.php and bin/console.

Once your bootstrapping is adjusted, set fos_http_cache.proxy_client.symfony.use_kernel_dispatcher: true.